The first and second instance courts are financed from the state budget through the budget of the Ministry of Justice. Courts of the first instance and courts of appeal are administered in co-operation of the Ministry of Justice and the Council for Administration of Courts. The most important decisions concerning the court system and relating to administration of courts are first discussed and approved by the Council for Administration of Courts. So far, Estonia does not have special state institution or administrative authority which would be responsible for the courts' administration as a whole.
The Supreme Court, being an independent constitutional institution, administers itself and is financed directly from the state budget. Issues of court administration belong to the competence of the Parliament, the Supreme Court and the Ministry of Justice.
Administration of courts of first instance (county courts) and courts of appeal (circuit courts) on daily basis falls within the competences of the Ministry of Justice.
The Minister of Justice:
The Ministry of Justice may audit the organisational and financial activities of courts of first instance and courts of appeal.
The Supreme Court has the role of guaranteeing proper functioning of administration of justice in the court system, especially through organizing the work of judges’ self-government bodies. The self-government bodies of judges’ play an important role in the development of the court system through the decisions they take concerning the development of the judiciary. There are 5 such bodies in Estonia:
The majority of the self-government bodies function using the administrative support of the Supreme Court's officials, two of those bodies – the Court en banc and the Council for Administration of Courts are directed by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court performs the following functions in the administration of courts of lower instances: